Peiodontics refers to treatment of gum diseases. The most common form of gum disease is the plaque, which is a soft, sticky substance that builds up on your teeth. It is made up of bacteria which feed on sugar from the food and drinks that we consume. The build up of plaque will result in gum infection which might bleed when you brush the teeth known as gingivitis.
The gum will get detached from the teeth resulting in more tartar buildup in the gap between teeth and gums, which will in turn result in the weakness of bone supporting the tooth. This stage of the gum disease is called chronic periodontitis. This is painless and as a result most people are unaware of its occurence. However, if this is left untreated, gum disease will lead to loosening and eventual loss of teeth. Gingivitis can be prevented and/or cured by maintaining good oral hygiene – brushing twice a day and also by using other oral hygiene aids such as dental floss and medicated mouthwash, as advised by your dentist.
Tartar can be removed by means of scaling and polishing.
In certain severe cases of gum disease, surgery may be required, which involves the gum being peeled away to allow affected areas to be treated. This will be done under local anaesthetic.
In certain cases where the gum disease has been neglected and has progressed too far, the affected tooth and/or teeth will need to be removed.